What is beautiful? Is beauty in the eye of the beholder or is it universal? Will majority of humans agree on what is a beautiful face? This question has been on the minds of artists, sculptors and philosophers for ages. Interestingly beauty can be represented by mathematical ratios and Leonardo da Vinci was the first one to elaborate on the different proportions of an attractive human form. It seems that an average face is a beautiful face but its not as common just because its average. There is a wide variation of facial structures in any given population but when you use a computer model to morph them up into a single image aka average image, its considered to be the most beautiful. This has been shown in many well designed studies across many cultures on earth.

WHAT ARE THE FEATURES OF A BEAUTIFUL FACE?

                                                       

TWO COMPOSITE FACES CONSTRUCTED BY MORPHING THE MOST BEAUTIFUL CELEBRITIES 

ATTRACTIVE FEMALE FACE FOR UK RESIDENTS:


 

Take 1 unit as the width of the face at the height of the eyes

Eyes: Almond shaped, 0.48 units distance apart from the center of pupils and each is 0.23 units wide

Eyebrows: Arched like wings of a Seagull, 0.125 distance above the eyes

Nose: Slim, small, 0.37 units length, 0.1 units wide at the bridge and 0.25 units wide at the base

Lips: Full, mouth is 0.38 units wide

Face: Heart shaped: 1 unit wide at the eyes, 0.81 units wide at the mouth and 1.44 units long

Near perfect facial symmetry

THE GOLDEN RATIOS OF BEAUTY

 

Two “golden ratios,” one for length and one for width. Female faces were judged more attractive when the vertical distance between their eyes and the mouth was approximately 36 percent of the face’s length, and the horizontal distance between their eyes was approximately 46 percent of the face’s width.

Female beauty has always attracted human beings. In particular, beauty has been interpreted in terms of reproductive potential and advantage in selection of mates. We have reviewed the recent literature on female facial and physical beauty with the objective of defining which parameters could influence female attractiveness. Symmetry, averageness, and sexual dimorphism with regards to facial beauty, as well as waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), breast size, and body mass index (BMI) for physical beauty, have been assessed. In current societies, it appears that facial attractiveness results from a mixture of symmetry and averageness of traits, high forehead and cheekbones, small nose and chin, full lips, thin eyebrows, and thick hair. A low WHR reliably characterized physical attractiveness, whereas inconsistencies have been observed in the evaluation of breast size and BMI. The importance of breast size appears to vary with time and sex of evaluators, whereas the impact of BMI is related to socio-economic conditions. The various hypotheses behind beauty and the role of attractiveness in mate choice and sexual selection are here described in terms of continuation of human species. Intriguing associations are emerging between features of attractiveness and some reproductive disorders, as both are substantially influenced by sex steroid hormones.